Was there Always Bias in Journalism? He’ll tell you

There is bias in the elite press! Yes,George Bush gets criticized by the media. Clinton before him took it on the chin and every president until he felt the sting of slings and arrows.Truman and Roosevelt got it, Lincoln certainly did and so did Adams and Jefferson. It started before all the above presidents since the very first”victim” of presidential”media” bias was none other than George Washington.And what provoked the media bias that plagued the guy that has been revered throughout our nation’s wariat history?First a little background…The tap root of American journalism was sunk into partisan land when Patriot and Tory hurled invectives across a line of intolerance over the Stamp Act in 1765. The twenty three newspapers from the colonies then were – page weeklies of local advertisements, neighborhood here-say and massive sections of European information, cut verbatim in the London press. News as we know it was non-existent. When  the Stamp Act made the furor in the colonies, letters of opinion were printed by printers who would run pieces submitted by someone – anyone – who had something to say. Since the patriot presses from Boston to Charleston rattled words out of defiance to gunpowder tea health benefits the British crown, the notion of being a British subject has been replaced by a new self-image as writers in journals began to refer to themselves and everyone else as Americans. Led by the printers and their leading writers, this new mind-set was being developed as opposition to the crown grew.After the repeal of the Stamp Act in 1766, the energy of the press was accomplished. Colonials, intrigued with the Concept of autonomy from Britain, viewed it as a weapon and in Massachusetts, the Boston Gazette and Country Journal were at the forefront of agitation. Two fiery coals from the”hotbed of sedition,”Benjamin Edes and John Gill, opened their doors to a deliberately obscure group called the Caucus Club. Consisting of men such as Sam Adams, his cousin John Adams, James Otis and John Hancock, club members would meet at the Gazette where they”cooked up paragraphs,” and” worked the search motor .” Frustrating the Tories who, therefore embittered, circulated a letter to British troops quartered in Boston urging” these Trumpeters of Sedition, the printers Edes and Gill,” and also their writers because of their newspaper, should be put to the sword.”And one of these , James Otis, perhaps the most revolutionary of the patriots, endured this assault after composing an article for the Boston Gazette in which he chose the Governor and a number of his own commissioners to task for accusing he and Sam Adams of treason. Shortly after the piece appeared, Otis entered a coffee house for a few morning refreshment and came upon one of those commissioners and many British army, naval and sales officers. Robinson, the commissioner, it had been reported, led the charge at Otis with his cane, the sword-wielding military directly behind amid shouts of”God damn him! Kill him! Kill him!” After Otis took a beating along with a sword slash to the mind, the combatants were separated by others present fearing Otis will be killed. Otis sued and won damages of 3 thousand shillings but gentleman that he was, he refused the money on the Grounds That Robinson had atoned for his actions Otis’ gentlemanly gesture along with Robinson’s mea culpa were rare for the dividing line was extending towards Lexington and Concord. Rancor from the press came out of both sides, intolerance under- lining each phrase. “Tories are,” one man wrote to the Boston Gazette”. .the most despicable beings, that appeared in human form.” A Tory writing into the New York Gazette penned a poem in which he wrote of the values,” Cheating and lying are puny things, Rapine and plundering venial sins”Along with the”venial sin” of plundering did came to pass after Lexington and Concord. When James Rivington that a Tory publisher composed of the battles at Lexington and Concord in his newspaper”Rivington New York Gazeteer”, partisanship showed up in the newspaper office at the guise of both Isaac Sears and a cavalry contingent. The press was plundered and the kind was carried off to melt down for patriot bullets. Partisanship had taken a firm hold in the colonial America. It would never let go. Looking back thirty two years after Yorktown, John Adams, the nation’s second president, wrote: The War? That was not any part of the Revolution; it was only an effect and consequence of it. The Revolution was in the minds of the folks, and this was effected, from 1760 to 1775, in the course of fifteen years before a drop of blood was shed at Lexington.”

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